This a beginner level linux box which was on TJnull’s OSCP prep list. This box has many rabbit holes in it also I faced some issues running wpscan because this box is very old and has an older version of wordpress so you may need some patience in doing this box so let’s just dig in.

Netdiscover

NMAP

Nmap scan report for 192.168.1.8
Host is up (0.00044s latency).
Not shown: 992 filtered ports
PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
20/tcp closed ftp-data
21/tcp open ftp vsftpd 2.0.8 or later
| ftp-anon: Anonymous FTP login allowed (FTP code 230)
|_Can't get directory listing: PASV failed: 550 Permission denied.
| ftp-syst:
| STAT:
| FTP server status:
| Connected to 192.168.1.6
| Logged in as ftp
| TYPE: ASCII
| No session bandwidth limit
| Session timeout in seconds is 300
| Control connection is plain text
| Data connections will be plain text
| At session startup, client count was 1
| vsFTPd 3.0.3 - secure, fast, stable
|_End of status
22/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
| ssh-hostkey:
| 2048 81:21:ce:a1:1a:05:b1:69:4f:4d:ed:80:28:e8:99:05 (RSA)
| 256 5b:a5:bb:67:91:1a:51:c2:d3:21:da:c0:ca:f0:db:9e (ECDSA)
|_ 256 6d:01:b7:73:ac:b0:93:6f:fa:b9:89:e6:ae:3c:ab:d3 (ED25519)
53/tcp open domain dnsmasq 2.75
| dns-nsid:
|_ bind.version: dnsmasq-2.75
80/tcp open http PHP cli server 5.5 or later
|_http-title: 404 Not Found
139/tcp open netbios-ssn Samba smbd 4.3.9-Ubuntu (workgroup: WORKGROUP)
666/tcp open doom?
| fingerprint-strings:
| NULL:
| message2.jpgUT
| QWux
| "DL[E
| #;3[
| \xf6
| u([r
| qYQq
| Y_?n2
| 3&M~{
| 9-a)T
| L}AJ
|_ .npy.9
3306/tcp open mysql MySQL 5.7.12-0ubuntu1
| mysql-info:
| Protocol: 10
| Version: 5.7.12-0ubuntu1
| Thread ID: 9
| Capabilities flags: 63487
| Some Capabilities: Speaks41ProtocolOld, Support41Auth, IgnoreSpaceBeforeParenthesis, SupportsTransactions, LongColumnFlag, SupportsLoadDataLocal, IgnoreSigpipes, InteractiveClient, FoundRows, LongPassword, Speaks41ProtocolNew, ODBCClient, DontAllowDatabaseTableColumn, SupportsCompression, ConnectWithDatabase, SupportsMultipleResults, SupportsMultipleStatments, SupportsAuthPlugins
| Status: Autocommit
| Salt: }\x13V\x10\x06 *<,`\x0D\x0C\x0E88 ]7JV
|_ Auth Plugin Name: mysql_native_password
1 service unrecognized despite returning data. If you know the service/version, please submit the following fingerprint at https://nmap.org/cgi-bin/submit.cgi?new-service :
SF-Port666-TCP:V=7.80%I=7%D=12/25%Time=5FE52027%P=x86_64-pc-linux-gnu%r(NU
SF:LL,2D58,"PK\x03\x04\x14\0\x02\0\x08\0d\x80\xc3Hp\xdf\x15\x81\xaa,\0\0\x
SF:152\0\0\x0c\0\x1c\0message2\.jpgUT\t\0\x03\+\x9cQWJ\x9cQWux\x0b\0\x01\x
SF:04\xf5\x01\0\0\x04\x14\0\0\0\xadz\x0bT\x13\xe7\xbe\xefP\x94\x88\x88A@\x
SF:a2\x20\x19\xabUT\xc4T\x11\xa9\x102>\x8a\xd4RDK\x15\x85Jj\xa9\"DL\[E\xa2
SF:\x0c\x19\x140<\xc4\xb4\xb5\xca\xaen\x89\x8a\x8aV\x11\x91W\xc5H\x20\x0f\
SF:xb2\xf7\xb6\x88\n\x82@%\x99d\xb7\xc8#;3\[\r_\xcddr\x87\xbd\xcf9\xf7\xae
SF:u\xeeY\xeb\xdc\xb3oX\xacY\xf92\xf3e\xfe\xdf\xff\xff\xff=2\x9f\xf3\x99\x
SF:d3\x08y}\xb8a\xe3\x06\xc8\xc5\x05\x82>`\xfe\x20\xa7\x05:\xb4y\xaf\xf8\x
SF:a0\xf8\xc0\^\xf1\x97sC\x97\xbd\x0b\xbd\xb7nc\xdc\xa4I\xd0\xc4\+j\xce\[\
SF:x87\xa0\xe5\x1b\xf7\xcc=,\xce\x9a\xbb\xeb\xeb\xdds\xbf\xde\xbd\xeb\x8b\
SF:xf4\xfdis\x0f\xeeM\?\xb0\xf4\x1f\xa3\xcceY\xfb\xbe\x98\x9b\xb6\xfb\xe0\
SF:xdc\]sS\xc5bQ\xfa\xee\xb7\xe7\xbc\x05AoA\x93\xfe9\xd3\x82\x7f\xcc\xe4\x
SF:d5\x1dx\xa2O\x0e\xdd\x994\x9c\xe7\xfe\x871\xb0N\xea\x1c\x80\xd63w\xf1\x
SF:af\xbd&&q\xf9\x97'i\x85fL\x81\xe2\\\xf6\xb9\xba\xcc\x80\xde\x9a\xe1\xe2
SF::\xc3\xc5\xa9\x85`\x08r\x99\xfc\xcf\x13\xa0\x7f{\xb9\xbc\xe5:i\xb2\x1bk
SF:\x8a\xfbT\x0f\xe6\x84\x06/\xe8-\x17W\xd7\xb7&\xb9N\x9e<\xb1\\\.\xb9\xcc
SF:\xe7\xd0\xa4\x19\x93\xbd\xdf\^\xbe\xd6\xcdg\xcb\.\xd6\xbc\xaf\|W\x1c\xf
SF:d\xf6\xe2\x94\xf9\xebj\xdbf~\xfc\x98x'\xf4\xf3\xaf\x8f\xb9O\xf5\xe3\xcc
SF:\x9a\xed\xbf`a\xd0\xa2\xc5KV\x86\xad\n\x7fou\xc4\xfa\xf7\xa37\xc4\|\xb0
SF:\xf1\xc3\x84O\xb6nK\xdc\xbe#\)\xf5\x8b\xdd{\xd2\xf6\xa6g\x1c8\x98u\(\[r
SF:\xf8H~A\xe1qYQq\xc9w\xa7\xbe\?}\xa6\xfc\x0f\?\x9c\xbdTy\xf9\xca\xd5\xaa
SF:k\xd7\x7f\xbcSW\xdf\xd0\xd8\xf4\xd3\xddf\xb5F\xabk\xd7\xff\xe9\xcf\x7fy
SF:\xd2\xd5\xfd\xb4\xa7\xf7Y_\?n2\xff\xf5\xd7\xdf\x86\^\x0c\x8f\x90\x7f\x7
SF:f\xf9\xea\xb5m\x1c\xfc\xfef\"\.\x17\xc8\xf5\?B\xff\xbf\xc6\xc5,\x82\xcb
SF:\[\x93&\xb9NbM\xc4\xe5\xf2V\xf6\xc4\t3&M~{\xb9\x9b\xf7\xda-\xac\]_\xf9\
SF:xcc\[qt\x8a\xef\xbao/\xd6\xb6\xb9\xcf\x0f\xfd\x98\x98\xf9\xf9\xd7\x8f\x
SF:a7\xfa\xbd\xb3\x12_@N\x84\xf6\x8f\xc8\xfe{\x81\x1d\xfb\x1fE\xf6\x1f\x81
SF:\xfd\xef\xb8\xfa\xa1i\xae\.L\xf2\\g@\x08D\xbb\xbfp\xb5\xd4\xf4Ym\x0bI\x
SF:96\x1e\xcb\x879-a\)T\x02\xc8\$\x14k\x08\xae\xfcZ\x90\xe6E\xcb<C\xcap\x8
SF:f\xd0\x8f\x9fu\x01\x8dvT\xf0'\x9b\xe4ST%\x9f5\x95\xab\rSWb\xecN\xfb&\xf
SF:4\xed\xe3v\x13O\xb73A#\xf0,\xd5\xc2\^\xe8\xfc\xc0\xa7\xaf\xab4\xcfC\xcd
SF:\x88\x8e}\xac\x15\xf6~\xc4R\x8e`wT\x96\xa8KT\x1cam\xdb\x99f\xfb\n\xbc\x
SF:bcL}AJ\xe5H\x912\x88\(O\0k\xc9\xa9\x1a\x93\xb8\x84\x8fdN\xbf\x17\xf5\xf
SF:0\.npy\.9\x04\xcf\x14\x1d\x89Rr9\xe4\xd2\xae\x91#\xfbOg\xed\xf6\x15\x04
SF:\xf6~\xf1\]V\xdcBGu\xeb\xaa=\x8e\xef\xa4HU\x1e\x8f\x9f\x9bI\xf4\xb6GTQ\
SF:xf3\xe9\xe5\x8e\x0b\x14L\xb2\xda\x92\x12\xf3\x95\xa2\x1c\xb3\x13\*P\x11
SF:\?\xfb\xf3\xda\xcaDfv\x89`\xa9\xe4k\xc4S\x0e\xd6P0");
MAC Address: 08:00:27:E1:68:35 (Oracle VirtualBox virtual NIC)
Service Info: Host: RED; OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel
Host script results:
|_clock-skew: mean: 4h59m57s, deviation: 0s, median: 4h59m57s
|_nbstat: NetBIOS name: RED, NetBIOS user: <unknown>, NetBIOS MAC: <unknown> (unknown)
| smb-os-discovery:
| OS: Windows 6.1 (Samba 4.3.9-Ubuntu)
| Computer name: red
| NetBIOS computer name: RED\x00
| Domain name: \x00
| FQDN: red
|_ System time: 2020-12-25T04:11:44+00:00
| smb-security-mode:
| account_used: guest
| authentication_level: user
| challenge_response: supported
|_ message_signing: disabled (dangerous, but default)
| smb2-security-mode:
| 2.02:
|_ Message signing enabled but not required
| smb2-time:
| date: 2020-12-25T04:11:45
|_ start_date: N/A
Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 46.74 seconds
nmap --script dns-nsid 192.168.1.8
Starting Nmap 7.80 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2020-12-25 04:41 PKT
Nmap scan report for 192.168.1.8
Host is up (0.0010s latency).
Not shown: 992 filtered ports
PORT STATE SERVICE
20/tcp closed ftp-data
21/tcp open ftp
22/tcp open ssh
53/tcp open domain
| dns-nsid:
|_ bind.version: dnsmasq-2.75
80/tcp open http
139/tcp open netbios-ssn
666/tcp open doom
3306/tcp open mysql
MAC Address: 08:00:27:E1:68:35 (Oracle VirtualBox virtual NIC)
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 14.48 seconds

FTP (PORT 21)

The banner gives us a name “harry” so it can be a username

Elly, make sure you update the payload information. Leave it in your FTP account once your are done, John.

Again this note has some usernames

SMB (PORT 139)

To enumarate smb we run . I am using an updated version of it which is called enum4linux-ng.

Here it did found some user names

Hydra

Now using hydra we will try to crack the credentials for ftp by using the same wordlist of user we found for passwords and users

Again if we use this wordlist for ssh we will get the same result and will be able to login into the box

On running ss -tupln to see which ports are open on the box we see port

Also there are some directories on webserver

But going on to port 80 we don’t find any directories and ruuning gobuster is useless because it doesn’t show anything interesting

PORT 80

PORT 12380

Running nikto on this port it returned as that these directories do exists the ones we found in

Wpscan

On running along with port 12380 on directory which is a wordpress site it gave me erros

So added a parameter and it worked fine

Now we know the registered users on wordpress , let’s enumerate more to get plugins

It didn’t returned me any plugins so now add a paramter there are only three modes for detecting plugins passive,mixed and agressive

Using this technique I was able to identify 4 plugins

two-factor
shortcode-ui
akismet
advanced-video-embed-embed-videos-or-playlists

Searching for an exploit for one these plugins I found something on exploit-db

So here only LFI can be useful.

Edit the exploit by putting the proper url where is

And it will throw this error

To resolve this import ssl and a line

On running this exploit it will create a jpeg file with random string

When we’ll download this it will be php script in which the contents of are stored but we don't need to do this as we have our foothold on to the box and we can just search for that file

And we will find the credentials for mysql database since port 3306 is running we can connect to it

We get a bunch of usernames and passwords but we need to crack these hashes so lets store them in a file and to crack them I will be using johntheripper but you can do it with hashcat for that you need to specify with what kind of hash are we dealing with so I went up to hashcat examples and found this is a wordpress MD5 hash

On cracking those hashes

john:$P$B7889EMq/erHIuZapMB8GEizebcIy9. 	:incorrect
elly:$P$BlumbJRRBit7y50Y17.UPJ/xEgv4my0 :ylee
peter:$P$BTzoYuAFiBA5ixX2njL0XcLzu67sGD0 :washere
barry:$P$BIp1ND3G70AnRAkRY41vpVypsTfZhk0 :passphrase
heather:$P$Bwd0VpK8hX4aN.rZ14WDdhEIGeJgf10 :football
garry:$P$BzjfKAHd6N4cHKiugLX.4aLes8PxnZ1 :monkey
harry:$P$BqV.SQ6OtKhVV7k7h1wqESkMh41buR0 :cookie
scott:$P$BFmSPiDX1fChKRsytp1yp8Jo7RdHeI1 :coolgirl
kathy:$P$BZlxAMnC6ON.PYaurLGrhfBi6TjtcA0 :thumb
tim:$P$BXDR7dLIJczwfuExJdpQqRsNf.9ueN0 :damachine
zoe:$P$B.gMMKRP11QOdT5m1s9mstAUEDjagu1 :0520
dave:$P$Bl7/V9Lqvu37jJT.6t4KWmY.v907Hy. : -
simon:$P$BLxdiNNRP008kOQ.jE44CjSK/7tEcz0 : -
abby:$P$ByZg5mTBpKiLZ5KxhhRe/uqR.48ofs. : -
vicki:$P$B85lqQ1Wwl2SqcPOuKDvxaSwodTY131 : -
pam:$P$BuLagypsIJdEuzMkf20XyS5bRm00dQ0 : -

On logging in with username we can see that we are administrator. Now we cannot upload a php file directly but we can upload it through a plugin upload

But we are in the same situation and this was again a rabbit hold that we got into so only thing now we can do is look for general information about the linux os

So, the os is ubuntu 16.04 and kernel version is 4.4.0–21

But by the result it says that it is 32 bit architecture.

So this may be the exploit that will work

On reading the text file that is found with searchsploit it would tell to go to site where zip file is uploaded for the exploit.

And according to the read we have to run and .

Transfer exploit.tar to the target box and extract .tar

Now compile the doubleput.c and run compile.sh and doubleput

BS CS undergraduate | CTF Player